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Foytina is a registered & licensed real estate agency (Reg.No:628 / Lic.No:332/E)

About Cyprus

 

Cyprus is tucked away in the top right hand corner of the Mediterranean being a stepping stone to three continents where Europe, Asia and Africa meet. Its location has played a vital part in its development as a centre for finance and tourism. Spread over 9251km², Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean, behind Sicily and Sardinia. With a population of approximately 850.000, 80% of Cyprus' population are Greek Cypriot, 11% are Turkish Cypriot, 8% are Foreign residents and a further 1% are comprised of other small minorities. An island whose rich dramatic history can be traced back over nine thousand years; an island so coveted over the centuries that it has been invaded and claimed by a fascinating mixture of civilizations from near and far all of which have left their culture and shaped its character.

 

Size

Cyprus occupies an area of 9,250 sq km or 3,500 sq miles with a coastline that is around 643km long. The island is 225km long and 97km wide at the widest point. The divided area of the north occupies some 3500 sq km.

Population

850,000 people approximately.

Populations by town :

Nicosia 313.000 (Capital city, located in the centre of Cyprus), Limassol 228.000 (the main port town), Larnaca 140.000 (port town with main international airport), Paphos 66.000 (other international airport), Ammochostos ( also called Famagusta ) and Kyrenia, found in the East and North of Cyprus, are both illegally occupied by the Turkish army.

Capital

Nicosia/ (in Greek – Lefkosia)

Languages

Greek and English

International Dialing Code

00357

Time Zone

Local time is GMT + 2 hours, except during daylight saving time when it is GMT + 3 hours. So, if in London the time is 14:00, in Cyprus the time is 14:00

Banks and Currency

The currency in Cyprus is the euro (€), banks will accept and exchange all major currencies and most restaurants, major shops etc. accept credit cards.

Public banking hours: Monday – Friday 08:30 to 13:30

Shopping/Business Hours: As an approximate guide, opening hours are 09:00 to 18:00 with an hour lunch break. In the hotter months (mid-June to September) a siesta period comes into effect, hours are then approximately 09:00 to 13:00 and 16:00 to 20:00. Many shops are closed Wednesday and Saturday afternoons.

Electricity Supply

220/240 Volts AC 50Hz. UK standard square three-pin sockets.

Driving

Driving is on the left hand side and seatbelts must be worn in the front and rear in cars. Helmets must be worn when riding motorcycles and by law light must be on. Hire cars are widely available for rent.

Climate

Cyprus is certainly the hottest and sunniest island in the Mediterranean; with an average of 326 sunshine days per year this truly is a paradise for sun lovers!

Winters in Cyprus are short and generally mild with spring starting early, you will feel temperatures beginning to rise noticeably towards the end of February.  If you find yourself in the highest parts of Pissouri during this month you could experience an amazing thunder-storm.  Just be careful to avoid the hill peaks during such a night or close to large trees as these are magnets for lightning bolts.

By the end of April, average temperatures begin to climb until they reach their apex during July and August, during this time air conditioners (ACs) can be a welcome relief. Or even better still enjoy the sea-breeze that Pissouri provides, amplified by being situated on a hill’s side.

The summery temperatures tend to last well into September and rain is almost unheard of during the summer months. Even as late as the end of October, it is still possible to sit outside during the evenings without the need for long sleeves.

The dividing line between autumn and winter is somewhere around the middle of November, when temperatures begin to drop announcing the coming of winter. During this time you can enjoy the beautiful Cypriot landscape painted a lush green, - something hard to imagine during the middle of summer!

As during Summer time the temperatures are pretty high and direct sunshine can harm your health, we highly recommend you not remain seated for more than 30 minutes in  direct sunshine, in particular without sun bathing lotion!...which you can find at souvenir shops, mini markets and pharmacies.  A quick dive into the sea or the pool of your holiday place would refresh you! Also at Pissouri Beach you can rent sun beds and umbrellas for a few Euro.

The table below provides average temperatures in Celcius degrees and rainy days for each month.  Please note temperatures are measured in the shade.

Avg. Temperature

Avg. Max Temp.

Avg. Min Temp.

Avg. Rainy Days

January

12

17

7

9

February

12

17

7

7

March

13

18

8

7

April

16

21

11

5

May

20

24

14

2

June

23

28

17

0

July

26

29

20

0

August

26

30

21

0

September

24

28

18

1

October

21

26

16

3

November

17

22

12

6

December

14

19

9

7

Flora and Fauna

Cyprus is a great place to see birdlife during the migratory periods of February – April and October – November, most likely to be seen are the many Finch varieties, Hoopoes, Bee Eaters and Warblers. Two species of Turtles can be found on the island, the Green Turtle and the Loggerhead. One of the islands hatcheries are well worth a visit, to get up close to a Turtle is pretty magic! There are several types of Snakes here with three of them being venomous – the Montpellier, Blunt Nose Viper and Cat Snake, they are very well camouflaged in case you see them give them a wide-birth. More common for you to spot are the Whipsnakes, which are long and black but harmless, but of course leave them be as a Snake does not enjoy human company!

Cyprus is home to a breathtaking 1750 floral species of which 126 are endemic. Spring time is beautiful with the wild flowers coming into bloom, the island is lush green this time of year and decorated with many flowers is just lovely. Hibiscus and Oleander are common on the island providing splashes of color.  Protected by law in Cyprus are Olive and Carob Trees which can live hundreds of years, with one Olive Tree in particular in the village square in Polis well worth a visit as it’s over 600 years old! Interestingly the island’s climate and soil properties encourage herbs to be more potent than north European species giving them particularly strong healing properties.

 

The 'Foytina.Com' Team

Foytina is a registered & licensed real estate agency (Reg.No:628 / Lic.No:332/E)